Wat Arun Ratchawararam – Temple of the Dawn (Wat Chaeng)

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Wat Arun Ratchawararam (Temple of the Dawn), or popularly known by the locals as Wat Chaeng is a special first-class royal temple. It is an ancient temple that has existed since the Ayutthaya period. Originally called the Olive Temple, later in the reign of King Thonburi The villagers called it “Wat Chaeng” when King Thonburi moved the capital from Ayutthaya to Krung Thonburi. Let Wat Chaeng be a temple in the royal court area. and used as a place to enshrine the Emerald Buddha that was brought from Vientiane Later in the Rattanakosin period His Majesty King Buddha Yodfa Chulalok the Great Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Prince Krom Luang Issara Sunthon Came to stay at the old palace and restored all new temples But it was not until the end of the reign of King Rama 1, when Somdet Prince Krom Luang Issara Sunthon ascended to the throne as King Buddha Loetla Naphalai Therefore, this temple has undergone major renovations once again. And it is considered the temple of King Rama 2 when the restoration is complete. was bestowed the name “Wat Arun Ratchatharam” with the royal initiative to build a higher prang in front of the temple but the end of the reign During the reign of King Rama III, the Great Prang was built to have a height of 82 meters and a width of 234 meters and was completed during the reign of King Mongkut, Rama IV. to have many items of restoration at Wat Arun Ratchatharam and to invite the relics of King Buddha Lertla Naphalai to be placed in the seat of the principal Buddha image in the Ubosot as well When the restoration was completed bestowed a new name “Wat Arun Ratchawararam” (Temple of the Dawn, Bangkok) from then on Interesting things inside the temple, Phra Prang, which is decorated with glazed tiles. Benjarong crockery and shells, giant statues with legends about this Wat Jaeng giant and Wat Pho giants on the opposite side. There is also a Buddhist temple Crown arch, bell tower, model mountain, and various Buddha statues

location

34 Wat Arun Subdistrict, Bangkok Yai District Bangkok

When King Taksin the Great ordered the capital to be moved from Ayutthaya to be located at Thonburi and built a new palace, expanding the royal area As a result, Wat Chaeng was located in the middle of the palace. Therefore, please do not allow the monks to stay in the Buddhist Lent. In addition, during the time when Krung Thonburi was the capital Considered that Wat Chaeng is a priceless temple. Because it is a temple that enshrines the Emerald Buddha and Phra Bang. which His Majesty the King Suek (King Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulalok the Great) has brought these 2 important Buddha images from Laos when he hit Vientiane. In the Rattanakosin period, King Phra Buddha Loetla Naphalai renovated and changed the name to “Wat Arun Ratchatharam” to the reign of King Mongkut ordered to restore more and changed his name to “Wat Arun Ratchawararam” as it’s called today

The Ubosot was built in the reign of King Rama V. It is a raised floor building with a 2-storey roof, covered with yellow tiles. The edges are green tiles, leaves, Chor Fah, Roka leaves, Hang Hong, lacquered and gilded, decorated with mirrors. The front and back gable panels are carved, gilded, lacquered and decorated with glass. An image of a deity standing holding the Khan in the castle There is a conch and a bowl of water placed in the pedestals on either side of the phantom. Adorned with Kanok pattern, lacquered and covered with gold. The ubosot has a porch protruding both front and back. There are large pillars to support the eaves on both the north and south sides. The stairs and pillars are sandstone. Between the pillars around the temple to the front of the porch on both sides there is a low wall. stony engraved in the form of flowers and leaves front drum cover between doors There is a busabok at the top of the prang enshrined Phra Buddha Naruemit, a Buddha image in the clothes of King Phra Phuttha Lertla Naphalai. Built during the reign of King Rama IV, but enshrined in the reign of King Rama V. The back cover between the doors is a bush at the top of the prang with a 2-tiered pedestal pedestal covered with gilded candles. The base of the ubosot has a curved shape. decorated with stucco patterns, lacquered and gilded The front door of the ubosot 2 is an arch at the top of the pagoda. But the arches behind the 2 doors are arches without peaks. The pillars and walls of the ubosot outside are stucco decorated with Chinese tiles with autumn flowers. Inside the ubosot, there are mural paintings on all 4 sides depicting the life of the Lord Buddha, Mara Phahon, Vessantara Jataka, etc. The principal Buddha image in the ubosot is named “Phra Buddha Thammasarat Lok That Dilok” is a Buddha image in the subduing Mara posture. Inside the Buddha seat contains the ashes of King Rama I. The temple has no glass walls. But there is a balcony instead Built in the reign of King Rama I has a more beautiful shape than other terraces On the wall of the balcony, there is a writing pattern in the form of a Ruean Kaew arch with flowers and leaves, with a Chinese-style peacock in the middle. The balcony pillar is a pillar made of cement with recesses. The lotus head of the pole is stucco, lacquered, and decorated with glass. Inside every door is a color picture of a peacock holding a tail standing above the Himmapan beast. Outside the door is a water pattern. In the surrounding balcony, there are 144 naval dolls made of green granite lined up in rows at the four corners of the ubosot. There is an octagonal shaped chedi made of marble with 8 arches, with a segmented top that tapers up in sequence, similar to the segment. Inside contains 8 Chinese granite dolls called Poi Sian.

Prang Thit is a small prang made of bricks and stucco, decorated with colored glass, similar to the big prang. Above it is a gilded nobility. Prang Thit is located in the lower Thaksin corner of the Great Prang in the northeast. south east north west Southwest, each direction has the same shape. There is a channel with images of Kinnaree and Kinnaree. The alms bowl above the channel has images of the devil carrying swords carrying alternately. Up above is an arch in the shape of a horse-riding Buddha image. Up above is the top of the pagoda with the image of Garuda Yudnak and Thep Nom above the booth.

Mondop or Prasat Thit Located on the 2nd floor of the Thaksin base, in the distance between the south pagodas. At the base of the mondop there is a recess containing images of Kinnaree and Kinnaree. Above the north and south mondops are the Oval bears. Above the mondop openings in the east and west there are figures of people carrying people. Mondop is a brick and cement building. Adorned with glass like Phra Prang Inside the mondop, Buddha images in various postures are enshrined as follows: The northern mondop houses a Buddha image in the posture of birth The eastern mondop houses a Buddha image in the posture of enlightenment. The southern mondop enshrined a Buddha image in the posture of the first sermon. and the west mondop enshrines the Buddha image in the posture of nirvana

Preah Vihear is a raised platform. The 3-tiered roof is covered with colored glazed tiles. On the pedestal there is an image of a deva holding a Khan sitting on a pedestal. Adorned with Kanok pattern, lacquer and gilded, decorated with glass. There is a porch both front and back. The outer wall is adorned with colored glazed tiles in the pattern of Thai processions. It is a tile that King Rama III ordered from China. The principal Buddha image in the viharn is Phra Phuttha Chambhunut Great Buddha Lakkhana Asitayanubphit. In addition, it is also enshrined of Phra Arun and a Buddha image in the attitude of subduing Mara.

Chapel Noi is the original chapel of the temple in the Ayutthaya period. It is a low-rise building. There is a porch both front and back. The gable is a gilded Kanok pattern decorated with glass. no glass wall The back porch is enshrined Phra Kajjai, the width of which is 2 cubits wide. The outside door is a pattern of soldiers. There is a picture of flowers adorned inside, a painting of a deity in the guardian style. The outside window is a floral pattern, the inside is a color picture of the same tiered Benja and falling flowers in every bloom. The principal Buddha image is stucco in the posture of Mara, lacquered and covered with gold. The front of the Chukchi base is made of brick and mortar. There is an altar of King Thonburi. Later, the temple built a statue of the Buddha image with a base that resides his spirit.

The original temple of the temple in the Ayutthaya period Located in front of the Phra Prang with Bot Noi. It has the same characteristics as the church, which is a low-rise building. There is a porch both front and back. The front porch is empty. The back porch is enshrined with a lap width of 2 cubits. The exterior doors are decorated with military and flower designs. Adorned inside is a color painting of the goddess standing with her hands on the hill and a picture of falling flowers. The outer window is a pattern of flowers, the inside is a color picture of tiered Benja and falling flowers. In the middle, Phra Chulamanee Chedi is enshrined.

Ho Trai has 2 houses. The first one is located in front of the 1st cubicle near the pond and fence on the west side of the Phra Prang. There is no bouquet of flowers It is stucco decorated with cup tiles in pieces. The roof is covered with colored glazed tiles. The window frame is stucco with lacquer and gilded flowers. The second part is at the northern corner in front of the 7th group, with a lacquered and gilded bouquet of rose leaves decorated regularly. The window pane is a flower pattern.

There are 2 bell towers. The first one is located on the north side behind the temple near the wall separating the Buddhawat area on the west and the 3-storey pavilion that is covered with glazed tiles with stucco patterns decorated with wares on the gable with flowers embroidered in the tray. hang ordinary bells The other one is also 3 meters high. In the south hangs a thick circle of Kangsadan bells. The diameter is about 2 feet. The 4 pagodas were built in the reign of King Rama III, located between the southern ubosot and the mondop of the Buddha’s footprint. Arranged in a straight line from east to west, quite far apart. It is the same pagoda and has the same size. Masonry and mortar, twenty wooden indented squares Decorated with tiles, cups and stained glass. It is decorated with flowers and other patterns. There is a 1-tier Thaksin base. There is a staircase going up and down on the north side. The area of the pagoda next to the ubosot balcony is covered with stone tiles.

Buddha’s Footprint Mondop It is located between the twenty-two four small chedis and the main hall. The base is square. It is made of bricks and decorated with mortar tiles of various colors, with a 2-tiered Thaksin base, and a new mondop roof built with cement.

There are 6 Chinese pavilions in the shape of a pier in the dam area in front of the temple. Located at the northernmost corner at the mouth of the Wat Chaeng canal, there is 1 hall corresponding to the archway at the top of the crown, 3 corresponding to the Sri Maha Bodhi in front of the temple, and 1 corresponding to the entrance to the Phra Prang. These pavilions were built in the reign of King Rama III. It has the same characteristics: the roof is a Chinese style cabin. There is a raised platform for sitting and resting made of green sandstone, especially the 3 pavilions that match the arch. There is a green platform in the middle, presumably a place to put things. And on the back there are 2 Chinese Kinnaree statues made of green sandstone.

The model mountain is located in front of the temple on the northern side. The area behind the 3 Chinese pavilions was originally a mountain built in the reign of King Rama I, located in the Grand Palace. Later, the reign of King Rama 3, please bring it here. The model mountain is fenced off in proportion, with two Chinese dolls sitting on a platform outside the fence. The entrance gate is made up of two sailors standing guard.

Phra Dhamma Chedi Monument It’s on the south side of the model mountain. This monument is surrounded by a low wall. Inside, in addition to a Chinese-style green sandstone urn containing the bones of Phra Dhamma Chedi. Which is the abbot of the temple during the years 1915-1924. There is also a gate, he modeled low and a Chinese castle with a stone doll inside. There is a Chinese label that reads as Hok Lok Siew.